What is HIV?


HIV is a virus that gradually attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defence against illness. If a person becomes infected with HIV, they will find it harder to fight off infections and diseases. The virus destroys a type of white blood cell called a T-helper cell and makes copies of itself inside them. T-helper cells are also referred to as CD4 cells.


There are many different strains of HIV – someone who is infected may carry various different strains in their body. These are classified into types, with lots of groups and subtypes. The two main types are

HIV - 1

the most common type found worldwide

HIV - 2

this is found mainly in Western Africa, with some cases in India and Europe.

Basic facts about HIV

What is AIDS?


AIDS is a syndrome caused by the HIV virus. It is when a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off many infections, and develops when the HIV infection is very advanced. This is the last stage of HIV infection where the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various diseases, infections and if left untreated, death.

There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, with the right treatment and support, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV. To do this, it is especially important to take treatment correctly and deal with any possible side-effects.


Basic facts about AIDS

Need to take HIV test?

Please go to this address or contact us with the following number


HACT Office

2nd floor, OPD bldg.

Corazon Locsin Montelibano Memorial

Regional Hospital



Contact Number

0912 356 1864

(034) 707 2280

Contact Form